Chemical Reactions and Equations Class 10 Notes

Greetings to all, today we are going to upload the Chemical Reactions and Equations Class 10 Notes PDF to assist you all. Science is a subject that describes how the world around us is made of Chemical reactions that are used to explain the different processes that occur around us. From rust to decomposition, chemical reactions provide additional in-depth insight into how molecular interaction and changes occur. In different observations, chapter 1 of CBSE class 10 Science explains how a substance’s transformations form.
Understand more about chemical reactions and equations by exploring CBSE Notes for Class 10 Science Chapter 1These CBSE notes are comprehensive and thorough yet concise enough to glance through for exam practices.

1. Board CBSE
2. Textbook NCERT
3. Class Class 10
4. Subject  Notes
5. Chapter Chapter 1
6. Chapter Name Chemical Reactions and Equations
7. Category CBSE Revision Notes

Chemical Reactions and Equations Class 10 Notes PDF- Short Notes

Introduction to Chemical Reactions and Equations
Physical and chemical changes
Chemical change – one or more new substances with new physical and chemical properties are formed.
Here, when copper sulphate reacts with iron, two new substances, i.e., ferrous sulphate and copper are formed.
Physical change – change in color or state occurs but no new substance is formed.
Example: Water changes to steam on boiling but no new substance is formed(Even though steam and water look different when they are made to react with a piece of Na, they react the same way and give the exact same products). This involves only a change in state (liquid to vapor).
 Observations that help determine a chemical reaction
A chemical reaction can be determined with the help of any of the following observations:
a) Evolution of a gas
b) Change in temperature
c) Formation of a precipitate
d) Change in colour
e) Change of state
Chemical reaction
Chemical reactions are chemical changes in which reactants transform into products by making or breaking of bonds (or both) between different atoms.
Types of chemical reactions
Taking into consideration different factors, chemical reactions are grouped into multiple categories.
A few examples are:
● Combination
● Decomposition
● Single Displacement
● Double displacement
● Redox
● Endothermic
● Exothermic
● Precipitation
● Neutralization
Chemical Reactions and Equations 
Word equation
A  word equation is a chemical reaction expressed in words rather than chemical formulas. It helps identify the reactants and products in a chemical reaction.
For example,
Sodium + Chlorine → Sodium chloride
The above equation means: “Sodium reacts with chlorine to form sodium chloride.”
Symbols of elements and their valencies
A symbol is the chemical code for an element. Each element has a one or two-letter atomic symbol, which is the abbreviated form of its name.
Valency is the combining capacity of an element. It can be considered as the number of electrons lost, gain, or shared by an atom when it combines with another atom to form a molecule.
Writing chemical equations
Representation of a chemical reaction in terms of symbols and chemical formulae of the reactants and products is known as a chemical equation.

  • For solids, the symbol is “(s)”.
    • For liquids, it is “(l)”.
    • For gases, it is “(g)”.
    • For aqueous solutions, it is “(aq)”.
    • For gas produced in the reaction, it is represented by “(↑)”.
    • For precipitate formed in the reaction, it is represented by “(↓)”.

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